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ABOUT GHANA

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ABOUT GHANA

GENERAL INFORMATION

LOCATION:

Ghana is located on the West Coast of Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, and is boarded by Cote d'ivoire, Togo and Burkina Faso. The Country covers an area of 238, 305km.
Ghana is the first African country south of the Sahara to achieve independence. This was in 1957. The colonial power was Britain. The Portuguese were the first to arrive and they they named the place where they settled as the Gold Coast. This became the name of the country till independence when it was changed to Ghana. British were not the first Europeans to arrive in Ghana but they were the last to leave. The capital of Ghana was moved from Cape Coast to Accra by the British in 1876. Before it could adopt the motto of "One people, one nation, one destiny," The oldest traces of sedentary habitation in Ghana date back 30,000 or 40,000 years along the coast, notably near Tema.

ECONOMY:
Ghana is one of the most developed countries in tropical Africa. The GNP per capita is above average for western Africa. Ghana's economy is based mainly on agriculture and mining. Agriculture accounts for nearly half GDP and employs over 50% of the work force. Main export crop is cacao. Coffee, palm products, and tropical fruits are exported in small quantities. Agricultural products include cassava, yams, corn, sorghum, and rice. Goats and sheep are the principal livestock reared. Timber is an important export. Fishing is important to the domestic market.

Mineral exports, chiefly gold, manganese, diamonds, and bauxite, account for a large part of the country's earnings. Petroleum is extracted in small quantities offshore between Saltpond and Cape Coast, and exploration in other areas is under way. Industry, mining, and construction, accounting for about one-seventh of the GDP and employing about one-eighth of the work force.
Manufacturing is dominated by import-substitution industries producing food products, beverages, tobacco, textiles, timber and wood products, refined petroleum, vehicles, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, cement, and metals. Electricity is generated almost entirely from hydroelectric plants, mainly the Akosombo Dam on the Volta River.

CAPITAL:

Accra, the capital city of Ghana is on the Greenwich Meridian (zero line of longitude) with a population of 3.1 million.

CLIMATE:

Northern Ghana has a rainy season from about April to October. The rest of the year is hot and dry with temperatures up to 38oC. In southern Ghana the rains last from April to June and again from September to October. Generally temperatures are between 21o and 32oC.

AIRPORT:

Kotoka International Airport is situated 12km from Accra city centre. Domestic Airports are located at Kumasi, (Ashanti Region), Sunyani, (Brong Ahafo Region) Tamale, (Northern Region). Hotel shuttle buses and taxis are available.


Contact us: benxzola@africanus.net



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